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Table 4 Dietary profile of participants of the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study.

From: The Boston Puerto Rican Health Study, a longitudinal cohort study on health disparities in Puerto Rican adults: challenges and opportunities

Nutrienta Men Women
  Ages 45-59 Ages 60-75 Ages 45-59 Ages 60-75
Energy intake (kcal) 2541 (899)*,** 2264 (842)* 2125 (896)** 1880 (825)
Macronutrients b     
Total fat 33.7 (5.6)*,** 31.2 (5.9) 32.3 (5.4)** 30.6 (5.8)
Saturated fat 10.0 (2.5)*,** 9.2 (2.4) 9.7 (2.2)** 9.2 (2.4)
Monounsaturated fat 11.7 (2.1)*,** 10.7 (2.0) 11.2 (2.1)** 10.5 (2.2)
Polyunsaturated fat 9.0 (2.1) 8.7 (2.0) 8.7 (2.1)** 8.3 (2.1)
Protein 16.6 (2.6) 16.6 (3.2) 17.0 (3.4) 17.1 (3.1)
Carbohydrates 48.6 (7.4)*,** 51.2 (7.6)* 51.3 (7.3)** 53.5 (8.0)
Fiber (g/day) 22.9 (8.7)* 23.1 (9.4)* 20.0 (8.8) 19.7 (8.5)
Vitamins c     
Vitamin B12 (μg) 9.8 (0.4) 8.1 (0.5) 8.9 (0.3) 8.1 (0.3)
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.2 (0.04)* 2.1 (0.04)* 2.4 (0.02) 2.2 (0.02)
Vitamin D (μg) 5.4 (0.2) 4.9 (0.2) 5.2 (0.1) 5.2 (0.1)
Vitamin E (IU) 15.5 (0.8) 12.2 (0.3)* 15.8 (0.4) 13.3 (0.2)
Folate (μg) 495.5 (9.2) 482.3 (11.2) 505.8 (5.7) 475.6 (6.8)
Minerals c     
Calcium (mg) 905.5 (23.9) 810.9 (31.3)* 930.2 (14.9) 925.2 (18.9)
Magnesium (mg) 325.5 (5.1) 307.3 (5.5) 337.2 (3.2) 317.6 (3.3)
Potassium (mg) 3111.8 (44.3)* 3010.2 (56.6)* 3288.7 (27.7) 3159.4 (34.3)
  1. *P < 0.05, between sex, within age category
  2. **P < 0.05, between age categories, within sex
  3. a Reported as mean (SD), unless otherwise noted, of food intake, not including supplements
  4. b Reported as percent of energy unless otherwise noted
  5. c Reported as mean (SE) per day and adjusted for energy intake