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Table 2 Comparison between Traditional Practices for "Doing the Month" and Expected Diet and Lifestyle that We Advocated during the Postpartum Period

From: Diet and lifestyle interventions in postpartum women in China: study design and rationale of a multicenter randomized controlled trial

  Traditional practices for "doing the month" Expected diet and lifestyle during the postpartum period
Dietary Habits Eat plenty of food Increase total amount of food in accordance with energy expenditure
  Meat-based diet components Diverse food with both animal foods and plant-derived foods
  Eat "hot" or "Yang" food (referred to meat, sugar, eggs, chicken soup, et al) Ensure sufficient protein intake from fish, poultry meat, lean meat and eggs
Enjoy milk, soybeans, or their products daily Restrict fat intake from animal foods
  Avoid "cold" or "Yin" food (referred to fruit, vegetables, cold water, et al) Eat more vegetables fruits and nuts in various species
Drink sufficient quantity of water and juice every day
Have liquid food, such as non-greasy soup, before or between meals
  Keep dietary taboos in mind Advise the woman against dietary taboos about foods which are nutritionally healthy. Reassure the mother that she can eat any normal foods.
Talk to family members such as husband and mother-in-law, to encourage them to helpensure the woman eats enough.
   Eat more foods rich in dietary fiber
   Supplement with vitamins and minerals
   Restrict salt consumption in diet
   Avoid drinking alcohol, strong tea or coffee
Other Health-related behaviors Never brush teeth Brush teeth twice per day
  Never bathe or wash hair If possible, take a shower every day in a warm room and wash hair at least once a week
  Shut well all windows or doors all the time Ventilate regularly, but avoiding the cold wind blowing directly to the mother and child
  Always lie in bed without any physical activity almost all day and night Do maternal keep-fit exercises and increase physical activities gradually to maintain a healthy weight