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  1. Research article

    Health system factors influencing management of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in four European Union countries - learning from country experiences

    In the European Union and European Economic Area only 38% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients notified in 2011 completed treatment successfully at 24 months’ evaluation. Socio-economic factors and pat...

    Gerard de Vries, Svetla Tsolova, Laura F. Anderson, Agnes C. Gebhard, Einar Heldal, Vahur Hollo, Laura Sánchez-Cambronero Cejudo, Daniela Schmid, Bert Schreuder, Tonka Varleva and Marieke J. van der Werf

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:334

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Early outbreak detection by linking health advice line calls to water distribution areas retrospectively demonstrated in a large waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Sweden

    In the winter and spring of 2011 a large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in Skellefteå municipality, Sweden. This study summarizes the outbreak investigation in terms of outbreak size, duration, clinica...

    Pär Bjelkmar, Anette Hansen, Caroline Schönning, Jakob Bergström, Margareta Löfdahl, Marianne Lebbad, Anders Wallensten, Görel Allestam, Stephan Stenmark and Johan Lindh

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:328

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Improving the effectiveness of sickness benefit case management through a public-private partnership? A difference-in-difference analysis in eighteen Danish municipalities

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether a multidimensional public-private partnership intervention, focussing on improving the quality and efficiency of sickness benefit case management, reduced the s...

    Malene Rode Larsen, Birgit Aust and Jan Høgelund

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:329

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  4. Research article

    A cross-sectional survey assessing factors associated with reading cancer screening information: previous screening behaviour, demographics and decision-making style

    There is broad agreement that cancer screening invitees should know the risks and benefits of testing before deciding whether to participate. In organised screening programmes, a primary method of relaying thi...

    Alex Ghanouni, Cristina Renzi and Jo Waller

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:327

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Exhaled carbon monoxide: a non-invasive biomarker of short-term exposure to outdoor air pollution

    In urban settings of Africa with rapidly increasing population, traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to outdoor air pollution (OAP). Although OAP has been identified as a leading cause of globa...

    Herve Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Jacqueline Wanjiku, N. Kingsley Ukwaja, Stephen B Gordon, Benjamin Fayomi, John R Balmes, Parfait Houngbegnon, Euripide Avokpaho and Ambaliou Sanni

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:320

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Progress in vaccination towards hepatitis B control and elimination in the Region of the Americas

    Over recent decades, the Region of the Americas has made significant progress towards hepatitis B elimination. We summarize the countries/territories’ efforts in introducing and implementing hepatitis B (HB) v...

    Alba Maria Ropero Álvarez, Silvia Pérez-Vilar, Carmelita Pacis-Tirso, Marcela Contreras, Nathalie El Omeiri, Cuauhtémoc Ruiz-Matus and Martha Velandia-González

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:325

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  7. Study protocol

    Kā-HOLO Project: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a native cultural dance program for cardiovascular disease prevention in Native Hawaiians

    As a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease (CVD), hypertension affects 33% of U.S. adults. Relative to other US races and ethnicities, Native Hawaiians have a high prevalence of hype...

    Joseph Keawe‘aimoku Kaholokula, Mele A. Look, Thomas A. Wills, Māpuana de Silva, Tricia Mabellos, Todd B. Seto, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Ka‘imi A. Sinclair and Dedra Buchwald

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:321

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Effect of the PREPARE intervention on sexual initiation and condom use among adolescents aged 12–14: a cluster randomised controlled trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Unsafe sexual practices continue to put adolescents at risk for a number of negative health outcomes in Tanzania. While there are some effective theory-based intervention packages with positive impact on impor...

    Elia John Mmbaga, Lusajo Kajula, Leif Edvard Aarø, Mrema Kilonzo, Annegreet Gera Wubs, Sander Matthijs Eggers, Hein de Vries and Sylvia Kaaya

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:322

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Women Epidemiology Lung Cancer (WELCA) study: reproductive, hormonal, occupational risk factors and biobank

    Lung cancer aetiology and clinical aspects have been mainly studied in men, although specific risk factors probably exist in women. Here we present the rationale, design and organization of the WELCA study (Wo...

    Isabelle Stücker, Diane Martin, Monica Neri, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Hélène Blons, Martine Antoine, Anne Guiochon-Mantel, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, Marianne Canonico, Marie Wislez and Jean Trédaniel

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:324

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Moving to business – changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior after multilevel intervention in small and medium-size workplaces

    Regular physical activity (PA) promotes and excessive sedentary behavior (SB) deteriorates health. Yet the Finnish working-aged population spends most of the day sitting. A 1-year Moving To Business (MTB) -int...

    Minna Aittasalo, Matleena Livson, Sirpa Lusa, Ahti Romo, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Kari Tokola, Harri Sievänen, Ari Mänttäri and Tommi Vasankari

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:319

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Behavioral activation for smoking cessation and mood management following a cardiac event: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial

    Smoking cessation following hospitalization for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) significantly reduces subsequent mortality. Depressed mood is a major barrier to cessation post-ACS. Although existing counseling t...

    Andrew M. Busch, Erin M. Tooley, Shira Dunsiger, Elizabeth A. Chattillion, John Fani Srour, Sherry L. Pagoto, Christopher W. Kahler and Belinda Borrelli

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:323

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  12. Research article

    School grade and sex differences in domain-specific sedentary behaviors among Japanese elementary school children: a cross-sectional study

    It is vital to reduce the proportion of sedentary behavior in children. Understanding the duration and behavioral context is needed. The present study examined school-grade and sex differences in domain-specif...

    Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano and Koichiro Oka

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:318

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Association between length of residence and overweight among adult immigrants in Portugal: A nationwide cross-sectional study

    Despite the importance of immigrant population in Portugal few studies have analyzed the patterns of overweight/obesity in this subpopulation. The aims of this study are: (i) describe and compare the prevalenc...

    Liliane Peralta da Costa, Sónia Ferreira Dias and Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:316

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Noise sensitivity, rather than noise level, predicts the non-auditory effects of noise in community samples: a population-based survey

    Excessive noise affects human health and interferes with daily activities. Although environmental noise may not directly cause mental illness, it may accelerate and intensify the development of latent mental d...

    Jangho Park, Seockhoon Chung, Jiho Lee, Joo Hyun Sung, Seung Woo Cho and Chang Sun Sim

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:315

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  15. Research article

    A comparison of antenatal classifications of ‘overweight’ and ‘obesity’ prevalence between white British, Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi pregnant women in England; analysis of retrospective data

    Maternal obesity increases women’s risk of poor birth outcomes, and statistics show that Pakistani and Bangladeshi women (who are born or settled) in the UK experience higher rates of perinatal mortality and c...

    Rebecca Garcia, Nasreen Ali, Andy Guppy, Malcolm Griffiths and Gurch Randhawa

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:308

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  16. Research article

    Alcohol harm reduction advertisements: a content analysis of topic, objective, emotional tone, execution and target audience

    Public health mass media campaigns may contribute to reducing the health and social burden attributed to alcohol consumption, but little is known about which advertising characteristics have been used, or have...

    Kimberley Dunstone, Emily Brennan, Michael D. Slater, Helen G. Dixon, Sarah J. Durkin, Simone Pettigrew and Melanie A. Wakefield

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:312

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  17. Research article

    Effectiveness of needle and syringe Programmes in people who inject drugs – An overview of systematic reviews

    Needle and syringe programmes (NSP) are a critical component of harm reduction interventions among people who inject drugs (PWID). Our primary objective was to summarize the evidence on the effectiveness of NS...

    Ricardo M Fernandes, Maria Cary, Gonçalo Duarte, Gonçalo Jesus, Joana Alarcão, Carla Torre, Suzete Costa, João Costa and António Vaz Carneiro

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:309

    Published on: 11 April 2017

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