Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Takeo Fujiwara, Takashi Oshio, Frances Kay-Lambkin, David Rehkopf

This section aims to publish studies looking at the processes enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and the actions taken by them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent illness. The section also welcomes studies looking at the social determinants of health.

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  1. Research article

    One size doesn’t fit all: cross-sectional associations between neighborhood walkability, crime and physical activity depends on age and sex of residents

    Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et a...

    Andrea S. Richardson, Wendy M. Troxel, Madhumita B. Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P. Hunter, Amy S. DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi and Tamara Dubowitz

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:97

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  2. Research article

    A description of interventions promoting healthier ready-to-eat meals (to eat in, to take away, or to be delivered) sold by specific food outlets in England: a systematic mapping and evidence synthesis

    Ready-to-eat meals (to eat in, to take away or to be delivered) sold by food outlets are often more energy dense and nutrient poor compared with meals prepared at home, making them a reasonable target for publ...

    Frances C. Hillier-Brown, Carolyn D. Summerbell, Helen J. Moore, Wendy L. Wrieden, Jean Adams, Charles Abraham, Ashley Adamson, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White and Amelia A. Lake

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:93

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  3. Study protocol

    A two-site, two-arm, 34-week, double-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial of reduced nicotine cigarettes in smokers with mood and/or anxiety disorders: trial design and protocol

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration can set standards for cigarettes that could include reducing their nicotine content. Such a standard should improve public health without causing unintended serious conseq...

    Sophia I. Allen, Jonathan Foulds, Gladys N. Pachas, Susan Veldheer, Corinne Cather, Nour Azzouz, Shari Hrabovsky, Ahmad Hameed, Jessica Yingst, Erin Hammett, Jennifer Modesto, Nicolle M. Krebs, Junjia Zhu, Jason Liao, Joshua E. Muscat, John Richie…

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:100

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  4. Study protocol

    The effects of breakfast on short-term cognitive function among Chinese white-collar workers: protocol for a three-phase crossover study

    As the first meal of the day, breakfast plays an important role in supplying energy and nutrients, which are critical to working and learning activities. A three-phase crossover study was designed to investiga...

    Zhenchuang Tang, Na Zhang, Ailing Liu, Dechun Luan, Yong Zhao, Chao Song and Guansheng Ma

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:92

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  5. Research article

    Associations between access to alcohol outlets and alcohol intake and depressive symptoms in women from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Australia

    This study examined associations between alcohol outlet access and alcohol intake, depressive symptoms score and risk of depression among women residing in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia.

    Karen E. Lamb, Lukar E. Thornton, Megan Teychenne, Catherine Milte, Ester Cerin and Kylie Ball

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:83

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Lessons learned from the London Exercise and Pregnant (LEAP) Smokers randomised controlled trial process evaluation: implications for the design of physical activity for smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy

    The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorde...

    Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper and Michael Ussher

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:85

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Innovation contests to promote sexual health in china: a qualitative evaluation

    Innovation contests call on non-experts to help solve problems. While these contests have been used extensively in the private sector to increase engagement between organizations and clients, there is little d...

    Wei Zhang, David Schaffer, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang and Joseph D. Tucker

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:78

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  8. Study protocol

    A 3-Arm randomised controlled trial of Communicating Healthy Beginnings Advice by Telephone (CHAT) to mothers with infants to prevent childhood obesity

    With an increasing prevalence of obesity in young children globally, there is an urgent need for the development of effective early interventions. A previous Healthy Beginnings Trial using a nurse-led home vis...

    Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Louise A. Baur, Alison J. Hayes, Huilan Xu, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Miranda Shaw and Philayrath Phongsavan

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:79

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  9. Research article

    The role of birthplace and educational attainment on induced abortion inequalities

    Induced abortion (IA) has shown social inequality related to birthplace and education with higher rates of IAs in immigrant and in less educated women relative to their native and highly educated counterparts....

    Yolanda González-Rábago, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Luisa N. Borrell and Unai Martín

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:69

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  10. Research article

    The social determinants of tuberculosis treatment adherence in a remote region of Papua New Guinea

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a diverse and culturally-rich country with severe infrastructural and health problems. Tuberculosis (TB) is widespread, and the number of cases with drug resistance is rising. Treatme...

    Tanya Diefenbach-Elstob, David Plummer, Robert Dowi, Sinba Wamagi, Bisato Gula, Keyanato Siwaeya, Daniel Pelowa, Peter Siba and Jeffrey Warner

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:70

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  11. Study protocol

    A randomized-controlled trial focusing on socio-economic status for promoting vegetable intake among adults using a web-based nutrition intervention programme: study protocol

    Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with considera...

    Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama and Takashi Arao

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:74

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  12. Research article

    What do we know about the effects of exposure to ‘Low alcohol’ and equivalent product labelling on the amounts of alcohol, food and tobacco people select and consume? A systematic review

    Explicit labelling of lower strength alcohol products could reduce alcohol consumption by attracting more people to buy and drink such products instead of higher strength ones. Alternatively, it may lead to mo...

    Ian Shemilt, Vivien Hendry and Theresa M. Marteau

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:29

    Published on: 12 January 2017

  13. Research article

    A possible dose–response association between distance to farmers’ markets and roadside produce stands, frequency of shopping, fruit and vegetable consumption, and body mass index among customers in the Southern United States

    The association between farmers’ market characteristics and consumer shopping habits remains unclear. Our objective was to examine associations among distance to farmers’ markets, amenities within farmers’ mar...

    Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Jedediah Hinkley, Qiang Wu, Jared T. McGuirt, Mary Jane Lyonnais, Ann P. Rafferty, Olivia R. Whitt, Nancy Winterbauer and Lisa Phillips

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:65

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Using nudging and social marketing techniques to create healthy worksite cafeterias in the Netherlands: intervention development and study design

    The worksite cafeteria is a suitable setting for interventions focusing on changing eating behavior, because a lot of employees visit the worksite cafeteria regularly and a variety of interventions could be im...

    Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L. Vyth and Ingrid H. M. Steenhuis

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:63

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  15. Research article

    Alcohol management plans in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australian communities in Queensland: community residents have experienced favourable impacts but also suffered unfavourable ones

    In Australia, ‘Alcohol Management Plans’ (AMPs) provide the policy infrastructure for State and Commonwealth Governments to address problematic alcohol use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. We repo...

    Alan R. Clough, Stephen A. Margolis, Adrian Miller, Anthony Shakeshaft, Christopher M. Doran, Robyn McDermott, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Valmae Ypinazar, David Martin, Jan A. Robertson, Michelle S. Fitts, Katrina Bird, Bronwyn Honorato, Simon Towle and Caryn West

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:55

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Multiple lifestyle behaviours and mortality, findings from a large population-based Norwegian cohort study - The HUNT Study

    Lifestyle risk behaviours are responsible for a large proportion of disease burden and premature mortality worldwide. Risk behaviours tend to cluster in populations. We developed a new lifestyle risk index by ...

    Steinar Krokstad, Ding Ding, Anne C. Grunseit, Erik R. Sund, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Vegar Rangul and Adrian Bauman

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:58

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  17. Study protocol

    Methods and design of a 10-week multi-component family meals intervention: a two group quasi-experimental effectiveness trial

    Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded hea...

    Catherine Rogers, Sarah E. Anderson, Jamie S. Dollahite, Tisa F. Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K. Miller, Keeley J. Pratt and Carolyn Gunther

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:50

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  18. Research article

    Computerized alcohol screening identified more at-risk drinkers in a level 2 than a level 1 trauma center

    Alcohol abuse is recognized as a significant contributor to injury. It is therefore essential that trauma centers implement screening and brief intervention (SBI) to identify patients who are problem drinkers....

    Ghasem Imani, Cristobal Barrios, Craig L. Anderson, Maryam Hosseini Farahabadi, Faried Banimahd, Bharath Chakravarthy, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Christopher E. McCoy, Georginne Mercado, Babak Farivar, Jacqueline K. Pham and Shahram Lotfipour

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:32

    Published on: 6 January 2017

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