Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

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  1. Research article

    A spatio-temporal analysis of suicide in El Salvador

    In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador’s suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as o...

    Carlos Carcach

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:339

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Ethical issues in public health surveillance: a systematic qualitative review

    Public health surveillance is not ethically neutral and yet, ethics guidance and training for surveillance programmes is sparse. Development of ethics guidance should be based on comprehensive and transparentl...

    Corinna Klingler, Diego Steven Silva, Christopher Schuermann, Andreas Alois Reis, Abha Saxena and Daniel Strech

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:295

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  3. Research article

    The impact of non-response bias due to sampling in public health studies: A comparison of voluntary versus mandatory recruitment in a Dutch national survey on adolescent health

    In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Re...

    Kei Long Cheung, Peter M. ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries and Marcel E. Pieterse

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:276

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Social Exclusion Index-for Health Surveys (SEI-HS): a prospective nationwide study to extend and validate a multidimensional social exclusion questionnaire

    Social exclusion (SE) refers to the inability of certain groups or individuals to fully participate in society. SE is associated with socioeconomic inequalities in health, and its measurement in routine public...

    Addi P. L. van Bergen, Stella J. M. Hoff, Hanneke Schreurs, Annelies van Loon and Albert M. van Hemert

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:253

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  5. Technical advance

    Taking multi-morbidity into account when attributing DALYs to risk factors: comparing dynamic modeling with the GBD2010 calculation method

    Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) quantify the loss of healthy years of life due to dying prematurely and due to living with diseases and injuries. Current methods of attributing DALYs to underlying risk ...

    Hendriek C. Boshuizen, Wilma J. Nusselder, Marjanne H.D. Plasmans, Henk H. Hilderink, Bianca E.P. Snijders, René Poos and Coen H. van Gool

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:197

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Assessment of the ecological bias of seven aggregate social deprivation indices

    In aggregate studies, ecological indices are used to study the influence of socioeconomic status on health. Their main limitation is ecological bias. This study assesses the misclassification of individual soc...

    Josephine Bryere, Carole Pornet, Nane Copin, Ludivine Launay, Gaëlle Gusto, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Thierry Lang, Olivier Lantieri, Olivier Dejardin and Guy Launoy

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:86

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Identifying developmental trajectories of body mass index in childhood using latent class growth (mixture) modelling: associations with dietary, sedentary and physical activity behaviors: a longitudinal study

    To date, many epidemiologic studies examining associations between obesity and dietary and sedentary/physical activity behaviors have focused on assessing Body Mass Index (BMI) at one point in time. Recent dev...

    Maaike Koning, Trynke Hoekstra, Elske de Jong, Tommy L. S. Visscher, Jacob C. Seidell and Carry M. Renders

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:1128

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  8. Research article

    Under-five mortality rate variation between the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) and Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) approaches

    Several low and middle-income countries (LMIC) use Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and/or Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) to monitor the health of their population. The level and trends ...

    Amare Deribew, John Ojal, Boniface Karia, Evasius Bauni and Mark Oteinde

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:1118

    Published on: 24 October 2016

  9. Research Article

    Trend of determinants of birth interval dynamics in Bangladesh

    The distribution of birth intervals can be used to draw attention to important characteristics of dynamics of fertility process. The main objective of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic, dem...

    Jahidur Rahman Khan, Wasimul Bari and A. H. M. Mahbub Latif

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:934

    Published on: 5 September 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1088

  10. Research article

    High quality standards for a large-scale prospective population-based observational cohort: Constances

    Long-term multicentre studies are subject to numerous factors that may affect the integrity of their conclusions. Quality control and standardization of data collection are crucial to minimise the biases induc...

    Fabrice Ruiz, Marcel Goldberg, Sylvie Lemonnier, Anna Ozguler, Evelyne Boos, Alain Brigand, Violaine Giraud, Thierry Perez, Nicolas Roche and Marie Zins

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:877

    Published on: 25 August 2016

  11. Research article

    Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in small areas of 33 Spanish cities

    In Spain, several ecological studies have analyzed trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from all causes in urban areas over time. However, the results of these studies are quite heterogeneous find...

    Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Laia Palència, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Miguel A. Martinez-Beneito, Mónica Ballesta, Montse Calvo, Lluís Cirera, Antonio Daponte, Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, Ana Gandarillas, Natividad Izco Goñi, Carmen Martos, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Andreu Nolasco, Diego Salmerón…

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:663

    Published on: 29 July 2016

  12. Research article

    Factors associated with overweight: are the conclusions influenced by choice of the regression method?

    Different analytical techniques have been used to study the determinants of overweight. However, certain commonly used techniques may be limited by the continuous nature and skewed distribution of body mass in...

    Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Raquel Martins Lana, Renata Cabrelli, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Aline Araújo Nobre, Lúcia Rotenberg and Rosane Härter Griep

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:642

    Published on: 26 July 2016

  13. Research article

    Factors associated with performing tuberculosis screening of HIV-positive patients in Ghana: LASSO-based predictor selection in a large public health data set

    The purpose of this study is to propose the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operators procedure (LASSO) as an alternative to conventional variable selection models, as it allows for easy interpretation ...

    Susanne Mueller-Using, Torsten Feldt, Fred Stephen Sarfo and Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:563

    Published on: 13 July 2016

  14. Research article

    Modelling estimates of age-specific influenza-related hospitalisation and mortality in the United Kingdom

    Influenza is rarely confirmed with laboratory testing and accurate assessment of the overall burden of influenza is difficult. We used statistical modelling methods to generate updated, granular estimates of t...

    Gonçalo Matias, Robert J. Taylor, François Haguinet, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, Roger L. Lustig and Douglas M. Fleming

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:481

    Published on: 8 June 2016

  15. Research article

    Alcohol in urban streetscapes: a comparison of the use of Google Street View and on-street observation

    Alcohol-related harm is a major global health issue, and controls on alcohol marketing are one intervention utilized by governments. This study investigated the use of Google Street View (GSV) as a novel resea...

    Chris Clews, Roza Brajkovich-Payne, Emily Dwight, Ayob Ahmad Fauzul, Madeleine Burton, Olivia Carleton, Julie Cook, Charlotte Deroles, Ruby Faulkner, Mary Furniss, Anahera Herewini, Daymen Huband, Nerissa Jones, Cho Wool Kim, Alice Li, Jacky Lu…

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:442

    Published on: 26 May 2016

  16. Research article

    Quantifying the role of weather on seasonal influenza

    Improving knowledge about influenza transmission is crucial to upgrade surveillance network and to develop accurate predicting models to enhance public health intervention strategies. Epidemics usually occur i...

    Marion Roussel, Dominique Pontier, Jean-Marie Cohen, Bruno Lina and David Fouchet

    BMC Public Health 2016 16:441

    Published on: 26 May 2016

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